Chapter - II
The Pharmacy Council of India
Constitution and Composition of Central Council
The Central Government shall, as soon as may be, constitute a Central Council consisting of the following members, namely:
Six members, among whom there shall be at least one teacher of each of the subjects, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacy, pharmacology and pharmacognosy elected by the 4[University Grants Commission] from among persons on the teaching staff of an Indian University or a College affiliated thereto which grants a degree or diploma in pharmacy;
six members of whom at least 5[four] shall be persons possessing a degree or diploma in, and practising pharmacy or pharmaceutical chemistry, nominated by the Central Government;
1Subs. by Act 24 of 1959, s. 3, for cl. (f) (w.e.f. 01/05/1960)
2Subs. by Act 70 of 1976, s. 2 for cls. (h), (i) and (j) (w.e.f 01/09/1976.)
3Cl. (k), ins. by the A.O. 1950 was omitted by Act 24 of 1959, s. 3 (w.e.f. 01/05/1960)
4Subs. by Act 70 of 1976, s. 3, for "authority known as the Inter - University Board" (w.e.f. 01/09/1976).
5Subs. by s. 3, ibid., for "three" (w.e.f. 01/09/1976)
the Director General, Health Services, exofficio or if he is unable to attend any meeting, a person authorised by him in writing to do so;
1[the Drugs Controller, India, ex officio or if he is unable to attend any meeting a person authorised by him in writing to do so;]
The Director of the Central Drugs Laboratory, ex officio,
2[a representative of the University Grants Commission and a representative of the All India Council for Technical Education;
one member to represent each 3 * * * State elected 4[from amongst themselves] by the members of each Council, who shall be a egistered pharmacist;
one member to represent each 3 * * * State nominated by 5[the] State Government, who shall be 6* * * a registered pharmacist.
7[Provided that for five years from the date on which the Pharmacy (Amendment) Act, 1976, comes into force the Government of each Union territory shall, instead of electing a member under clause (g) nominate one member, being a person eligible for registration under section 31, to represent that territory.]
8 * * * * *
The Council constituted under section 3 shall be a body corporate by name of the Pharmacy Council of India, having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power to acquire and hold property both movable and immovable, and shall by the said name sue and be sued. (the Incorporation of Central Council.)
The President and Vice-President of the Central Council shall be elected by the members of the said Council from among themselves. (President and Vice president of Central Council.)
9 * * * * *
10[The President] or Vice-President shall hold office as such for a term not exceeding five years and not extending beyond the expiry of his term as member of the Central Council, but subject to his being a member of the Central Council, he shall be eligible for re-election:
11[Provided that if his term of office as a member of the Central Council expires before the expiry of the full term for which he is elected as President or Vice-President, he shall, if he is re-elected or re-nominated as a member of the Central Council, continue to hold office as President or Vice-President for the full term for which he is elected to such office.]
Mode, of elections
Elections under this Chapter shall be conducted in the prescribed manner and where any dispute arises regarding any such election it shall be referred to the Central Government whose decision shall be final
1Ins. by Act 24 of 1959, s. 4 (w.e.f. 01/05/1960
2Subs. by Act 70 of 1976, s. 3, for cl. (f) (w.e.f 01/09/1976
3The word and letter "Part A" omitted by the Adaptation of Laws (No.3) Order, 1956
4Ins. by Act 70 of 1976, s. 3 (w.e.f 01/09/1976)
5Subs. by the adaptation of Laws (No.3) Order, 1956, for "each such"
6The words "either a registered medical practitioner or" omitted by Act 70 of 1976, s. 3 (w.e.f. 01/09/1976)
7Subs. by s. 3, ibid., for the former proviso (w.e.f 01/09/1976
8 Explanation omitted by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 01/05/1960)
9Proviso omitted by Act 24 of 1959, s.5 (w.e.f. 01/05/1960)
10Subs. By Act 70 of 1976, s. 4, for "An elected President" (w.e.f. 01/09/1976)
11Added by s. 4, ibid. (w.e.f. 01/09/1976).
Term of office and casual vacancies
Subject to the provisions of this section, a nominated or elected member, 1* * * shall hold office for a term of five years from the date of his nomination or election or until his successor has been duly nominated or elected, whichever is longer.
A nominated or elected member may at any time resign his membership by writing under his hand addressed to the President, and the seat of such member shall thereupon become vacant.
A nominated or elected member shall be deemed to have vacated his seat if he is absent without excuse, sufficient in the opinion of the Central Council, from three consecutive meetings of the Central Council or if he is elected under clause (a), (c) or (g) of section 3, if he ceases to be a member of the teaching staff, Medical Council of India or a registered pharmacist, as the case may be.
A casual vacancy in the Central Council shall be filled by fresh nomination or election, as the case may be, and the person nominated or elected to fill the vacancy shall hold office only for the remainder of the term for which the member whose place he takes was nominated or elected.
No act done by the Central Council shall be called in question on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in. or any defect in the constitution of, the Central Council.
Members of the Central Council shall be eligible for re-nomination or re-election.
Staff, remuneration and allowances
The Central Council shall -
appoint a Registrar who shall act as the Secretary to that Council and who may also, if deemed expedient by that Council, act as the Treasurer thereof;
appoint such other officers and servants as that Council deems necessary to enable it to carry out its functions under this Act;
require and take from the Registrar, or any other officer or servant, such security for the due performance of his duties as that Council may consider necessary; and
with the previous sanction of the Central Government, fix-
the remuneration and allowances to be paid to the President, Vice-President, and other members of that Council
the pay and allowances and other conditions of service of officers and servants of that Council.]
The Executives Committee
The Central Council shall, as soon as may be, constitute an Executive Committee consisting of the President (who shall be Chairman of the Executive Committee) and Vice-President, ex officio, and five other members elected by the Central Council from amongst its members.
A member of the Executive Committee shall hold office as such until the expiry of his term of office as member of the Central Council, but, subject to his being a member of the Central Council, he shall be eligible for re-election.
1[The words, "other than a nominated President" omitted by Act 70 of 1976, s. 5 (w.e.f. 1.9.1976).
2Subs. By s. 6, ibid., for s. 8 (w.e.f. 01/09/1976).
The Central Council may constitute from among its members other committees for such general or special purposes as that Council may deem necessary and for such periods not exceeding five years as it may specify, and may co-opt for a like period persons, who are not members of the Central Council, as members of such committees.
The remuneration and allowances to be paid to the members of such committees shall be fixed by the Central Council with the previous sanction of the Central Government
The business before such committees shall be conducted in accordance with such regulation as may be made under this Act.]
Subject to the provisions of this section, the Central Council may, subject to the approval of the Central Government, make regulations, to be called the Education Regulations, prescribing the minimum standard of education required for qualification as a pharmacist.
In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, the Education Regulations may prescribe-
the nature and period of study and of practical training to be undertaken before admission to an examination;
the equipment and facilities to be provided for students undergoing approved courses of study;
the subjects of examination and the standards therein to be attained;
any other conditions of admission to examinations.
Copies of the draft of the Education Regulations and of all subsequent amendments thereof shall be furnished by the Central Council to all State Governments, and the Central Council shall before submitting the Education Regulations or any amendment thereof, as the case may be, to the Central Government for approval under sub-section (1) take into consideration the comments of any State Government received within three months from the furnishing of the copies as aforesaid.
The Education Regulations shall be published in the Official Gazette and in such other manner as the Central Council may direct.
The Executive Committee shall from time to time report to the Central Council on the efficacy of the Education Regulations and may recommend to the Central Council such amendments thereof as it may think fit.
Application of Education Regulations
At any time after the constitution of the State Council under Chapter III and after consultation with the State Council, the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare that the Education Regulations shall take effect in the State:
Provided that where no such declaration has been made, the Education Regulations shall take effect in the State on the expiry of three years from the date of the constitution of the State Council.
Approval courses of study and examinations
Any authority in a State 2
1lns, by Act 70 of 1976, s. 7 (w.e.f. 1-9-1976).
2The words "of India" omitted by the A.O. 1950.
Any authority in a state 1* * * which holds an examination in pharmacy may apply to the Central Council for approval of the examination, and the Central Council, if satisfied, after such enquiry as it thinks fit to make, that the said examination is in conformity with the Education Regulations, shall declare the said examination to be an approved examination for the purpose of qualifying for registration as a pharmacist under this Act.
Every authority in the States 1* * * which conducts an approved course of study or holds an approved examination shall furnish such information as the Central Council may, from time to time, require as to the courses of study and training and examination to be undergone, as to the ages at which such courses of study and examination are required to be undergone and generally as to the requisites for such courses of study and examination.
Where the Executive Committee reports to the Central Council that an approved course of study or an approved examination does not continue to be in conformity with the Education Regulations, the Central Council shall give notice to the authority concerned of its intention to take into consideration the question of withdrawing the declaration of approval according to the course of study or examination, as the case may be, and the said authority shall within three months from the receipt of such notice forward to the Central Council through the State Government such representation in the matter as it may wish to make.
After considering any representation which, may be received from the authority concerned and any observations thereon which the State Government may think fit to make, the Council may declare that the course of study or the examination shall be deemed to be approved only when completed or passed, as the case may be, before a specified date.
Qualifications granted outside the territories to which this Act extends
The Central Council, if it is satisfied that any qualification in pharmacy granted by an authority outside the 2[territories to which this Act extends] affords a sufficient guarantee of the requisite skill and knowledge, may declare such qualification to be an approved qualification for the purpose of qualifying for registration under this Act, and may for reasons appearing to it sufficient at any time declare that such qualification shall be deemed 3[,subject to such additional conditions, if any, as may be specified by the Central Council,] to be approved only when granted before or after a specified date:
Provided that no person other than a 4[citizen of India] possessing such qualification shall be deemed to be qualified for registration unless by the law and practice of the State or country in which the qualification is granted, persons of Indian origin holding such qualification are permitted to enter and practice the profession of pharmacy.
Mode of Declarations
All declarations under section 12, section 13 or section 14 shall be made by resolution passed at a meeting of the Central Council, and shall have effect as soon as they are published in the Official Gazette.
The Central Register
The Central Council shall cause to be maintained in the prescribed manner a register of pharmacists to be known as the Central Register, which shall contain the names of all persons for the time being entered in the register for a State.
1The words "of India" omitted by the A.O. 1950.
2subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 3) Order, 1956, for "Part A States and Part C States" which had been subs. by the A.O. 1950, for "Provinces of India".
3Ins by Act 70 of 1976, s. 8 (w.e.f. 1/9/1976).
4Subs.by the A.O. 1950, for "British Subject of Indian domicile".
5Ins. By Act 70 of 1976, s. 9 (w.e.f 1/9/1976
It shall be the duty of the Registrar of the Central Council to keep the Central Register in accordance with the orders made by the Central Council, and from time to time to revise the Central Register and publish it in the Gazette of India.
The Central Register shall be deemed to be public document within the meaning of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 and may be proved by the production of a copy of the Register as published in the Gazette of India.
Registration in the Central Register
The Registrar of the Central Council shall, on receipt of the report of registration of a person in the register for a State, enter his name in the Central Register.]
The Executive Committee may appoint such number of Inspectors as it may deem requisite for the purposes of this Chapter.
An Inspector may-
inspect any institution which provides an approved course of study;
attend at any approved examination;
inspect any institution whose authorities have applied for the approval of its, course of study or examination under this Chapter, and attend at any examination of such institution
An Inspector attending at any examination under sub-section (2) shall not interfere with the conduct of the examination, but he shall report to the Executive Committee on the sufficiency of every examination he attends and on any other matter in regard to which the executive Committee may require him to report.
The Executive Committee shall forward a copy of every such report to the authority or institution concerned, and shall also forward a copy together with any comments thereon which the said authority or institution may have made, to the Central Government and to the Government of the State in which the authority or institution is situated.
Information to be furnished
The Central Council shall furnish copies of its minutes and of the minutes of the Executive Committee and an annual report of its activities 1* * * to the Central Government.
The Central Government may publish in such manner as it may think fit any report, 2[or Copy], furnished to it under this section or under section 16.
Accounts and audit
The Central Council shall maintain proper accounts and other relevant records and prepare an annual relevant records and prepare an annual statement of accounts, in accordance with such general directions as may be issued and in such form as may be specified by the Central Government in consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
The accounts of the Central Council shall be audited annually by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or any person authorized by him in this behalf and any expenditure incurred by him or any person so authorized in connection with such audit shall be payable by the Central Council to the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
1The words "together with an abstract of its accounts" omitted by Act; 70 of 1976, s. 10 (w.e.f. 1-9-1976).
2Subs. by s. 10, ibid., for "copy or abstract" (w.e.f. l-9-1976).
3Ins by s. 11, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-9-1976).
The accounts of the Central Council as certified by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or any person authorized by him in this behalf together with the audit report thereon shall be forwarded annually to the Central Council which shall forward the same with its comments to the Central Government.]
Power to make regulations
The Central Council may, with the approval of the Central Government, 1[by notification in the Official Gazette,] make regulations consistent with this Act to carry out the purposes of this Chapter.
In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such regulations may provide for
the management of the property of the Central Council;
the manner in which elections under this Chapter shall be conducted;
the summoning and holding of meetings of the Central Council, the times and places at which such meetings shall be held, the conduct of business thereat and the number of members necessary to constitute a quorum;
the functions of the Executive Committee, the summoning and holding meetings thereof, the times and places at which such meetings shall be held, and the number of members necessary to constitute a quorum;
the powers and duties of the President and Vice-President;
the qualifications, the term of office and the powers and duties of the [Registrar, Secretary], Inspectors and other officers and servants of the Central Council, including the amount and nature of the security to be furnished by the 4[Registrar or any other officer or servant].
the manner in which the Central Register shall be maintained and given publicity;
constitution and functions of the committees other than Executive Committee, the summoning and holding of meetings thereof, the time and place at which such meetings shall be held, and the number of members necessary to constitute the quorum.]
Until regulations are made by the Central Council under this section, the President may, with the previous sanction of the Central Government, make such regulations under this section, including those to provide for the manner in which the first elections to the Central Council shall be conducted, as may be necessary for carrying into effect the provisions of this Chapter, and any regulations so made may be altered or rescinded by the Central Council in exercise of its powers under this section.
Every regulation made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the regulation or both Houses agree that the regulation should not be made, the regulation shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that regulation.]
1Ins. by Act 4 of 1986, s. 2 and the Sch. (date to be notified).
2ubs. by Act 70 of 1976, s. 12, for Cl. (a) (w.e.f. 1-9-i976).
3Subs, by s. 12, ibid., for 'Secretary" (w.e.f.1-9-1976).
4Subs. by s. 12, ibid., for "Treasurer" (w.e.f. 1-9-1976).
5Ins. by . 12 ibid. (w.e.f. 1.9-1976).